History of Prague

First people's dwellings were in the area of prague in prehistoric times. The Prague Castle as the site of Czech chiefs was founded between 880 and 890 by the first ruler of Bohemia, Borivoj from the Premysl family. In the first half of 10th century was founded the second residence - the Vysehrad Castle. In the neighbourhood of both castles grew up handicraftsman villages and merchant settlements of urban type.
In the 13th century some of thee villages were unified into the Old Town and city walls were buáilt around them (ca. 1230). In 1257, the czech king Premysl Otakar II. founded the New Town on the left shore under the Prague Castle. This New Town was in 14th century renamed to the Lesser Town.
The top of the urbanisation was reached under the  governance of  Charles IV, the emperoro of the Holy Roman Empire in 1346 - 1378. Charles grounded in Prague the university, first to the north of Alps (1348), grounded the Newt Town of Prague (1348), enlarged the complex of the Prague Castle and Lesser Town, founded tenths of municipall and church buildings. Prague grew up into a wonderful gothic metropole, with its 8 km2 and 40000 inhabitants one of the largest in Europe.